The definition of being a social elite
The definition of being a social elite
His classic study analyzed the German Social Democratic Party, but his arguments have been applied to a variety of organizational contexts. In this tradition, with adherents from Plato to Pareto, elites have a stronger commitment to the "public interest" than do the "people" Prewitt and Stone , pp. Newbury Park, Calif: Sage Publications pp. This risks social disruption by shutting off avenues of achievement and power to other talented individuals, who then mobilize to affect change. Classical theories of democracy emphasized the importance of political participation as an end in itself, one that was necessary for the creation of political citizens capable of democratic self-rule Pateman Essays may be lightly modified for readability or to protect the anonymity of contributors, but we do not edit essay examples prior to publication. August Learn how and when to remove this template message Elitism in the context of education is the practice of concentrating attention on or allocating funding to the best students, or those students who rank highest in a particular field of endeavour. Lindbloom, Charles Politics and Markets. Both elites and nonelites perform essentially similar nonmanual tasks and not infrequently rub shoulders in offices. Given the inevitable concentration of power in modern societies, the central problem became: What legitimates elite rule or preserves elite "accountability"? The most that can be hoped for, in their view, is a relatively liberal but still quite unequal order led by elites who are capable and enlightened.
Historically, elites have consisted almost entirely of men, and men continue to outnumber women greatly in most elite sectors. Failure to win nonelite support frequently shortens elite tenures or undermines their power.
Social elite fashion
Classical theories of democracy emphasized the importance of political participation as an end in itself, one that was necessary for the creation of political citizens capable of democratic self-rule Pateman That institutional alignment was strengthened in the Cold War years as the state expanded its commitment to national security, social welfare , and the direction of economic policy. He further distinguished between the "governing elite"—the segment of the elite with broad political power—and the nongoverning elite. The legitimacy of functional elites is supported to the extent that relatively equal opportunities to attain those positions are available to all talented and motivated individuals. Beyond the obvious inequality of economic resources and formal educational institutions, the work of Bourdieu and others Bourdieu ; Bourdieu and Passeron ; DiMaggio and Mohr has shown how the unequal distribution of "cultural capital" among groups in different locations in the class structure contributes to the reproduction of inequality in a variety of subtle ways. Are these essay examples edited? This underscores the difficulty in weighing empirical claims concerning "democratic" representation made by competing theories, given the radically divergent definitions of the key concept. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Mills held up participatory democracy as an ideal from which to judge the contemporary United States in his concept of "publics" , pp. The formation of elite groups, they argued, is inescapable in modern societies and imposes limits on what is possible in politics. Belmont, Calif. Others have traced a clear class bias and pro-capital selectivity inherent in the very institutions of modern states and the dominant political discourse Jessop Changes in the gender makeups of elites are also now quite evident. What hooks you?
Ballard, eds. This controversy has led to much fruitful research and theoretical debate, but the "elitistpluralist" framework is less adequate for dealing with other dimensions of societal power.
Elite autonomy Elites seldom enjoy complete autonomy. Developing Mills's arguments, elite theorists have studied avariety of coordinating mechanisms that foster elite cohesion, such as private school ties, social networks, shared membership in policy planning organizations, and the general recruitment process in which future leaders are instilled with attitudes conducive to maintaining the existing structure of power see Prewitt and Stone ; Marger ; Bottomore ; Dye ; Domhoff The definition may have different appreciations depending on the political contexts.
Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
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